Safety and System Safety is an engineering discipline. Continuous changes in technology, environmental regulation and public safety concerns make the analysis of complex safety-critical systems more and more demanding. The general principles of prevention that must be used, as required by Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999, Regulation 4 and Schedule 1, are:
(a) avoiding risks
(b) evaluating the risks that cannot be avoided
(c) combating the risks at source
(d) adapting the work to the individual
(e) adapting to technical progress
(f) replacing the dangerous by the non-dangerous or less dangerous
(g) developing a coherent overall prevention policy
(h) giving collective protective measures priority over individual protective measures, and giving appropriate instructions to employees.
In demonstrating that these regulations are complied with Aspect Supportability Consultants have considerable experience as outlined below.
Developing Safety Requirements:
Establishing a comprehensive set of safety requirements is critical to a robust safety case or a safety assessment, these requirements are generated based on legislation, applicable standards, early hazard identification on concepts and relevant service or product experience.
Developing and managing Safety Management Systems:
Safety management systems can be tailored to an equipment, project or organisation. Our team has experience in preparing safety managements systems that comply with Defence Standard 00-56, Ministry of Defence Project Oriented Safety Management System (POSMS), JSP 815 and BS OHSAS 18001. Aspect have experience in writing and managing these systems for new and legacy equipment and large projects with multiple contractors.
Developing Safety Cases:
Safety cases are a comprehensive and structured body of evidence that demonstrates by reasoned arguments how safety considerations have been incorporated and maintained throughout the Acquisition cycle. Aspect have experience of developing safety cases from hazard identification using techniques such as Structured What If analysis (SWIFT), Hazard Operability (HAZOP) analysis, Failure Modes and Effect Analysis (FMEA) and Checklists. Management of hazards using bespoke tools and Cassandra@, the MoD’s preferred hazard management tool and developing accident sequences using Event Tree Analysis (ETA) and Fault Tree Analysis (FTA). Aspect have prepared Safety Case reports to meet the requirements of JSP 454 Land Systems Safety and Environmental Protection, JSP 520 Ordnance Munitions and Explosives Safety Management System, JSP 430 Ship Safety Management Policy including detailed As Low As Reasonably Practicable (ALARP) papers.
Product Safety Assessment:
The CE mark is required for all new products which are subject to one or more of the European product safety directives. It is a visible sign that the manufacturer of the product is declaring conformity with all of the Directives relating to that product. Aspect can assist in the generation of a technical file to support the conformity assessment for EC type assessment.
Environmental Management Systems:
Aspect have experience in defining and managing environmental management systems that meet the requirements of the MoD’s Project Oriented Environmental Management Systems (POEMS) and performing the necessary analysis to support Environmental Management Procedures (EMP) 1, 2 and 6.